CT-based attenuation correction in Tl-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy is less effective than non-corrected SPECT for risk stratification.J Nucl Cardiol. 2014 Feb 15;
Authors: Savvopoulos CA, Spyridonidis T, Papandrianos N, Vassilakos PJ, Alexopoulos D, Apostolopoulos DJ
BACKGROUND: Previous studies advocate the use of attenuation correction in myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) for patient risk stratification.
METHODS: Six-hundred and thirty-seven unselected patients underwent Tl-201 MPS by a hybrid SPECT/CT system. Attenuation-corrected (AC) and non-corrected (NAC) images were interpreted blindly and summed stress scores (SSS) were calculated. Study endpoints were all-cause mortality and the composites of death/non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and death/AMI/late revascularization.
RESULTS: During a follow-up of 42.3 ± 12.8 months 24 deaths, 13 AMIs and 28 revascularizations were recorded. SSS groups formed according to event rate distribution across SSS values were: 0-4, 5-13, >13 for NAC and 0-2, 3-9, >9 for AC. Kaplan-Meier functions were statistically significant between NAC SSS groups for all study endpoints. AC discriminated only between SSS 0-2 and >9 for death/AMI and between 0-2 and 3-9 for death/AMI/revascularization. In the univariate Cox regression abnormal NAC (SSS > 4) was accompanied with much higher hazards ratios than abnormal AC (SSS > 2). In the multivariate model abnormal AC yielded no significance for either endpoint whereas abnormal NAC proved independent from other covariates for the composite endpoints.
CONCLUSION: Our results challenge the effectiveness of CT-based AC for risk stratification of patients referred for MPS.